The Blessed One said:
1. Fearlessness, essential purity of being, perseverance in the yoga of wisdom,
Charity and self-control and sacrifice,
Study of the Veda, austerity, rectitude,
2. Nonviolence, truth, freedom from anger,
Relinquishment, peace, lack of malice,
Sympathy for beings, freedom from covetousness,
Gentleness, modesty, absence of fickleness,
3. Vigor, forbearance, firmness,
Cleanness, loyalty, absence of overweening pride:
These belong to one whose birth is of a divine condition, O Bhārata.
4. Hypocrisy, insolence, overweening pride and anger,
Harshness and ignorance:
These are the endowments of one born of a demonic condition, O Son of Prthā.
5. The divine endowments are said to lead to release;
The demonic to bondage. Do not grieve, O Pāndava,
You are born with divine endowments, (best circumstance for gaining freedom).
6. In this world there are two kinds of beings, the divine and demonic.
The divine has been spoken of at length;
Hear me now, O Son of Prthā, concerning the demonic.
7. Demonic men know neither action nor its cessation,
Neither purity nor good conduct, nor truth is in them.
8. They say that the world is without truth,
Without a foundation, a Lord;
That it is not produced by orderly complementary union,
But that it is produced by (the pursuit of) pleasure.
9. Relying on this view, such men,
Lost in self, small in mind, cruel in deed,
March forth as enemies,
Pledged to the destruction of the world.
10. Surrendering to insatiable desire,
Full of wantonness and arrogance and hypocrisy,
Holding obscure views through delusion,
These men act with impure resolve.
11. Clinging to innumerable concerns whose only end is death,
Completely dedicated to the enjoyment of desire,
They are convinced that this is all.
12. Bound by hundreds of fetters of desire,
Dedicated to lust and anger,
They strive for the gaining of wealth even unjustly
For the gratification of their desire.
13. “This I have won today; that desire I will obtain;
This is mine; this wealth will become mine.
14. I have slain that foe, and I will slay others besides;
I am lord and enjoyer, I am perfect and strong and happy.
“22. The man who is released from these three gates of darkness, O Son of Kuntī,
Goes to the supreme destination after practising what is good for his self.
23. He who, dismissing the rules of scriptures,
Acts according to his inclinations,
Does not reach fulfillment, nor happiness nor the highest destination.
24. Therefore, let the scripture be your standard
In settling what is to be done and what is not.
Here on earth you should do the deed called for by the rule of scripture.
This is the sixteenth chapter, entitled “The Yoga of the Distinction Between Liberating and Binding Conditions” (daiuāsurasarnpaduibhāgayoga).