The Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 7
The Yoga of Wisdom and Understanding
The Blessed One said:
1. Hear this, O Son of Prthā, by fastening your mind on me,
By practicing yoga, relying on me,
You will gain knowledge of me fully, without doubt.
2. I will tell you the whole of this wisdom
Accompanied by knowledge which, when known,
There remains nothing more on earth to be known.
3. Scarcely one man in thousands strives for perfection,
And of those who strive and are successful,
Perhaps one knows me in essence.
4. Earth, water, fire, air, ether, mind,
Understanding, and the sense of I:
This is my prakrti which is divided eight-fold.
5. This is my lower prakrti.
But know now, O Strong-Armed, my other prakrti,
Supreme and the source of life, By which the world is supported.
6. Know that all beings have this for their womb.
I am the origin of the world And also its dissolution.
7. There is nothing whatever above me, O Wealth-Winner.
All this (world) is strung on me Like jewels on a string.
8. I am the taste in the waters, O Son of Kuntī,
I am the radiance in the sun and moon;
The sacred syllable (Om) in all the Vedas,
The sound in ether, and manliness in men.
9. I am the pleasant fragrance in earth,
The glowing brightness in fire,
The life in all beings,
The austerity in ascetics.
10. Know me to be the seed of all beings, O Son of Prthā.
I am the understanding of the wise,
The splendor of the splendid.
11. I am the strength of the strong, O Master of the Bhāratas,
Devoid of desire and passion.
I am that desire in all beings which is not incompatible with dharma.
12. And know also that whatever conditions (in beings) are sattvic (lucid) rajasic (active) or even tamasic (indolent),
Are from me alone.
But I am not in them,
They are in me.
13. Deluded by these conditions composed of the three gunas,
This whole world does not recognize me,
Changeless and above them.
14. For this divine māyā (elusive power) of mine composed of the gunas,
Is difficult to transcend.
Only those who resort to me,
Cross beyond this deluding power (māyā).
15. Foolish evil-doers, lowest of men,
Whose understanding is carried away by this deluding power (māyā)
And whose essence is bound (to their actions),
Do not resort to me.
16. Men of good deeds who worship me, O Arjuna,
Are of four kinds:
The afflicted, the seekers of knowledge, the seeker of wealth,
And also, O Bull of the Bhāratas, the wise.
17. Of these, the wise, always whole,
And whose commitment is to the One, excels.
Indeed, I am exceedingly dear to the wise,
And he is dear to me.
18. Noble are all these without exception,
But to my mind, the wise is my very self.
For he with disciplined self-effort (yuktātmā)
Is firmly grounded in me alone as the highest goal.
19. At the end of many births,
The man of wisdom comes to me A
ware that Vasudeva is all.
Such a man of great self is very hard to find.
20. Those whose understanding has been carried away
by one desire or another,
Flee to other gods,
Having carried out one or another observance,
Led by their own (bound) prakrti.
21. I make unshakeable the faith of any devotee
Who wishes to worship with faith any form whatever.
22. Disciplined with that faith,
He seeks the propitiation of such a manifestation,
And from it he gains his desires.
Indeed, it is I who ordains (the benefits) of those desires.
23. But transient is that fruit of those of little intelligence.
Those who sacrifice to the gods, go to the gods;
But those who are dedicated to me, go to me.
24. Those without understanding think me, the nonapparent,
To have appeared,
Not being cognizant of my supreme nature, changeless and unsurpassed.
25. Covered by my elusive power (yoga-māyā),
I do not appear to all.
The world is deluded and does not recognize me,
26. I know the beings of the past, present and yet to be, O Arjuna,
But no one verily knows me.
27. All beings at birth are subject to delusion, O Descendant of Bhārata,
By the illusion arising from the pairs of opposites,
Desire and aversion, O Conqueror of the Foe.
28. But those men of meritorious deeds in whom sin has come to an end,
Who are thus released from the illusion of opposites,
Worship me, steadfast in their resolutions (drdhavratah).
29. Having taken refuge in me,
Those who strive (yatanti) for release from death and old age
Know Brahman entirely and the self and all action.
30. Those who with disciplined minds know me in my higher and lower domains
And the physical world and the highest sacrifice, Know me even at the time of death.
This is the end of the seventh chapter, entitled “The Yoga of Wisdom and Understanding” jnāna-vijnāna-yoga.