The Bhagavad Gita translated by Antonio T. De Nicolas
The Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 6
The Yoga of Meditation
The Blessed One said:
1. He who does the action that has to be done
But without resting on its fruit,
Is a man of disciplined engagement in action,
He is a yogin, a man of renunciation,
And not he who is without sacrificial fire and without ritual actions.
2. What is called renunciation,
Know it to be the disciplined engagement in action, O Son of Pāndu.
For no one becomes a yogin
Who has not renounced compulsive purpose.
3. Action is the medium for the sage
who desires to ascend to yoga;
Tranquillity is the medium of him
who has already ascended to such yoga.
4. For when one has renounced all compulsive purpose
And Is attached neither to actions nor to sense-objects,
He is then said to have ascended to yoga.
5. Let a man lift his self by his own self;
Let him not lower himself;
One’s self alone is one’s own self’s friend and foe.
6. One’s self is friend of one’s self when self-conquered;
But the self of one not so self-possessed,
Becomes hostile like an enemy.
7. The higher self of one who is
self-conquered and at peace,
Is composed amidst cold and heat,
pleasure and pain, honor and dishonor.
8. The yogin who is satisfied with wisdom and understanding,
Who is unshaken, with his senses conquered,
To whom gold, a stone, a clod of earth are the same,
Is said to be disciplined.
9. He excels whose understanding is the same,
Amidst the well-disposed, the friendly,
the neutral arbiter and hostile,
Amidst enemies and allies,
Amidst the righteous and the sinful.
10. Let the yogin always concentrate his mind,
Living alone in solitude, his mind and self restrained,
Without cravings and (longing for) possessions.
11. Let him fix for himself on a clean place a firm seat,
Which is neither too high nor too low,
Made of Kuśa grass, a deerskin, and a cloth,
One over the other.
12. Sitting on that seat, making his mind one-pointed,
Controlling the activity of his mind and senses,
Let him engage in yoga for the purification of the self.
13. Let him hold his body, neck, and head erect and motionless,
Looking fixedly at the tip of his nose,
Not looking in any direction.
14. And having his thoughts on me, absorbed in me,
With the self calm and free from fear
And keeping his vow of celibacy,
Let him sit disciplined.
15. Thus continually disciplining himself and with his mind controlled,
He attains peace, the supreme bliss,
That which exists in me.
16. Yoga is not for one who eats too much or not at all.
It is not for him, Arjuna, who sleeps too much or too little.
17. For one whose enjoyment of food and pleasure is disciplined,
Whose engagement in actions is disciplined,
Whose sleeping and waking are disciplined,
Yoga becomes a destroyer of sorrow.
18. When one’s controlled mind abides in one’s self alone,
Freed from yearning,
Then one is said to be disciplined.
19. Unflickering, like a lamp in a sheltered place:
So the man of disciplined thought
Practicing yoga of the self.
20. That in which thought ceases,
Stopped by the practice of disciplined concentration,
And in which, seeing himself through himself,
One is content in himself;
21. That in which he knows that which is boundless happiness,
Beyond the senses but perceivable by understanding,
And in which, established,
He knows this and swerves not from the truth;
22. That which, having obtained it,
One thinks there is no further gain beyond it,
And in which he is established,
By no sorrow, however heavy, is he shaken;
23. Let this disengagement of the connection with sorrow
Be known as yoga.
This yoga is to be practiced with determination,
With a mind free from depression.
24. Abandoning entirely all desires originating in compulsive purpose,
Having exercised restraint on every side
Over all the senses by the mind,
25. Let him be stilled little by little,
Through understanding firmly grounded;
And fixing his mind on the self,
Let him not set his thoughts on anything else.
26. Having restrained the mind, restless, unsteady,
From whatever it goes out to,
Let him bring it into the control of his self alone.
27. Indeed, the highest happiness comes to the yogin
Whose mind is peaceful, In whom passions are at rest,
Who is sinless, has become Brahman.
28. Continually exercising himself in disciplined-concentration in this way,
The yogin free from his sin,
Easily attains to the boundless happiness in touch with Brahman.
29. The one whose self is disciplined by yoga,
Sees the self abiding in every being
And sees every being in the self;
He sees the same in all beings.
30. He who sees me everywhere, and sees all in me,
I am not lost to him, and he is not lost to me.
31. He who standing in oneness,
Worships me abiding in all beings,
Exists in me, whatever happens.
32. When one sees the pleasure or pain of others
To be equal to one’s own, O Arjuna,
He is considered the highest yogin.
33. You have proclaimed yoga of sameness, O Madhusūdana,
But I do not see a firm grounding of this yoga
Because of man’s restlessness.
34. Restless, indeed, is the mind, O Krsna,
It is turbulent, strong and hard.
It’s restraint, I think, would be as difficult to accomplish as controlling the wind.
The Blessed One said:
35. Doubtless, Strong-Armed, the mind is restless and hard to restrain,
But by practice and nonattachment, It can be held, Son of Kuntī.
36. Yoga is impossible to attain with an unrestrained self: So I think.
But it can be attained with a controlled self In skillful ways.
37. What way does one go, O Krsna,
Who is undisciplined but possesses faith,
And whose mind swerves away from yoga
Before he has obtained the ultimate fulfillment in yoga?
38. Fallen from both, not having become firm,
And bewildered over the path to Brahman,
Does he not perish, O Strong-Armed,
Like a severed rain cloud?
39. You must cut off completely this doubt of mine, O Krsna,
For there is no remover of this doubt
Other than you to be found.
The Blessed One said:
40. Son of Prthā, neither in this world nor the next
Does such a one know destruction.
For, my dear one, no one who does good goes to an evil end.
41. Having attained the worlds of the meritorious,
Having dwelled there many years,
The one who has fallen from yoga Is born
In a house of the pure and prosperous.
42. Or else he is born in a family of wise yogins:
Of course, such a birth in the world is more difficult to obtain.
43. There, he gains the mental traits of his previous embodiment,
And once more from that point
He strives for fulfillment, O Joy of the Kurus.
44. By his previous practise alone,
He is carried onward,
Even without willing this.
He who desires the knowledge of yoga is beyond the Vedic rule.
45. But the yogin who strives with perseverance,
Who is purified of sin,
And is perfected through many lives
Goes to the highest goal.
46. The yogin is greater than the ascetic,
He is considered greater than the men of knowledge;
He is greater than doers of ritual works:
Therefore, become a yogin, O Arjuna.
47. Of all yogins, the one who full of faith,
Worships me with his inner self given over to me,
I consider him to be nearest to my vision.
This is the end of the sixth chapter, entitled
“The Yoga of Meditation”