The Bhagavad Gita - Chapter 1.1
The Yoga of Arjuna's Crisis
My sons and those of Pāndu,
What did they do, Samjaya,
When, eager to fight, they assembled
On the field of the Kurus, the field of dharma?
on the field of virtue, on the field of Kuru
assembled together, desiring to fight
māmakās paṇḍavās caiva
mine and the Sons of Pāṇḍu
When they were in the field
of virtue, in the field of the Kurus,
Assembled together, desiring to fight,
What did my army and that of the
Sons of Pandu do, Sanjaya?
dhṛtarāṣṭra (m. nom. sg.), Dhṛtarāṣṭra, the blind Kuru king to whom the Bhagavad Gita is to be related by Sanaya, his minister. The name, a BY cpd., means “He by whom the kingdom is held.”
uvaca (3rd sg. perfect act. √vac), he said, he spoke.
dharma (m.), duty, law, righteousness, virtue, honor.
kṣetre (n. loco sg.), in the field, on the field. kuru (m.), Kuru, the royal dynasty to which
kṣetre (n. loco sg.), in the field, on the field.
samavetās (m. nom. pI. p. pass. participle sam ava √i), come together, assembled.
yuyutsavas (m. nom. pI. desiderative adj. from √yudh), desiring to fight, battlehungry, desiring to do battle.
māmakās (m. nom. pl.), mine, my.
paṇḍavās (m. nom. pl.), the Sons of Paṅdu.
eva, indeed (used as a rhythmic filler).
kim (interrog.), what?
akurvata (3rd imperf. middle √kṛ), they did.
samjaya (voc.), Saṅjaya, minister to King Dhṛtarāṣṭra who relates to him the bulk of the Bhagavad Glta. The name means “completely victorious.”